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 RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT

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Nombre de messages : 3908
Age : 58
Localisation : LYON
Points : 3103
Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Ven 17 Déc - 20:43


What the Civil War Soldier Carried

Some years ago when we were "beginning collectors," we asked Dr. Francis A. Lord what a soldier carried in his knapsack, haversack or carpet bag. We found the following list most helpful as we attempted to reconstruct the personal belongings of a typical recruit.

Diary and case with pencil

writing paper and envelopes

mess plate

knife, fork & spoon (or combination of the same)

coffee boiler

tin cup

tin basin

soap and soap box

folding pewter cup and case

pipe and chewing tobacco and tobacco twist

army issue short candle

folding comb and case

identification disc with cord or chain

clay or wooden pipe

hardtack

coffee and sugar in white bags

matches in box or a cardstrip of lucifers

brass candle holder

deck of playing cards

tompion made of wood, brass or cork

gun tools: cleaning jag, tumbler, ball screw, nipple wrench, tumbler punch

spare cone and spring vice

nipple protector & chain (or carved Minie protector)

worm and wiper

a pocket bible and hymnal

religious statue in case or rosary

money and stamps

water filtering device and case

glasses in case

traveling inkwell

rifle manual

socks

button brush

watch and chain

tintype of wife or sweetheart

extra leggings

razor strop in case and folding straight razor

shaving cup and brush

housewife with buttons, thread, needles etc.

pewter or horn on cord

pay voucher

pass

warrant, proclamation, parole, discharge

commission in case

toothbrush

sutler folding pocket knife

oil can

clean longjohns

powder flask for pistol and rifle

tourniquet in tin case

pen in case

whiskey flask

compass in case

small hatchet

stencil

button board and button wax

wallet

coffee pot

box of figs

can of sardines

handkerchief

tactics manual

sutler coins and paper currency

checkers in box with board

blacking for boots and brush

maps and map case

wood carving

reading material

hair brush and comb

dominoes in case

condensed milk

instant coffee

brass knuckles (or lead or iron)

dice and dice cup

extra shirt

jews harp

harmonica

drawers

traveling writing desk

black or white waterproof kepi cover

bottle of bitters

hair tonic

woolen scarf

article de REB ACRES
Retrouvez le sur
http://www.rebacres.com/?page=15&article=15&hide=1
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MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Ven 17 Déc - 20:57

Waw, ça fait beaucoup... Je serais curieux de voir quelqu'un porter tout ça...
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Chaplain Turner



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Age : 36
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Date d'inscription : 02/07/2006

MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Ven 17 Déc - 23:57

Effectivement, cela fait beaucoup.

Est une liste règlementaire ?

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For God and Virginia
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MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Sam 18 Déc - 9:56

Sûrement pas, je n'ai jamais vu un règlement qui oblige un soldat à avoir un harmonica, une photo de sa famille, un chapelet ou un éguise razoir...
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Nombre de messages : 3908
Age : 58
Localisation : LYON
Points : 3103
Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Lun 20 Déc - 20:24

Je pense que c'est un article qui a balayé tout ce qu'emportait communément les soldats, sans affirmé qu'il s'agit d'une liste "valable pour chaque soldat"

me suis je fais comprendo???? Basketball
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Nombre de messages : 3908
Age : 58
Localisation : LYON
Points : 3103
Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Mer 22 Déc - 10:54

EQUIPMENT
The infantryman is a self contained fighting unit and therefore must carry everything he needs to sustain life and fight in the field.

To sustain life, a man needs food, water and shelter. The Confederate infantryman's food was carried in a haversack, essentially a sack suspended from a shoulder strap over the right shoulder to the left hip. Usually it was made of cotton duck, and buttoned at the flap. Occasionally there was a separate food bag buttoned inside the outer sack.

Since cotton duck wouldn't keep provisions dry, a waterproof bag was more desirable than the average issue haversack. Depending on what was available. The well made and waterproof US army haversacks were always in great demand. The 1st Carolina infantry veteran Berry Benson, after the fighting at the seven days wrote that "the whole Confederate army refitted itself with blankets, rubber clothes (i.e., groundsheets, talmas and ponchos), tent flies, haversack and canteens, so that in the middle of the war and later, to see equipment of southern make was somewhat of a curiosity."

A canteen was also slung from the right shoulder to the left hip by a cotton or leather strap, and rested on top of the haversack. Everyone agreed that the Union army canteens, covered with a woollen cloth to keep the contents cool, were better than the plain tin and wood drum style of canteen issued to the Confederate army, but relic seekers and archaeologists working late-war sites found that parts of the Southern-made canteen are among the most common of all discoveries.

The last piece of life-sustaining equipment was the knapsack or blanket roll. "The knapsack vanished early in the struggle," wrote artilleryman Carlton McCarthy. "It was inconvenient to 'change' the underwear too often, and the disposition not to change grew, as the knapsack was found to gall the back and shoulders, and weary the man before half the march was accomplished. The better way was to dress out and out, and wear that outfit until the enemy's knapsacks, or the folks at home supplied a change."

McCarthy was exaggerating slightly for effect. Certainly, a great many Confederate infantrymen abandoned the overstuffed knapsacks with which they had left their first camps. "In our knapsacks were carried a fatigue jacket, several pairs of white gloves, several pairs of drawers, several white shirts, undershirts, linen collars, neckties, white vests, socks, etc. - filling our knapsacks to overflowing. Strapped on the outside were one or two blankets, an oilcloth, and extra shoes. Most of the knapsacks weighed between thirty and forty pounds, but some were so full that they weighed fifty pounds!" In such cases, obviously the wearer would abandon something, and would probably have been the knapsack, possible laid aside in favour of a Union bag. Some 11,500 Union knapsacks were picked up from the field at Chancellorsville alone.

If the knapsack were abandoned, and it was the most common thing to go, the remaining extra clothing such as a spare shirt or pair of drawers, was rolled into a blanket which was worn bandolier-fashion over the left shoulder, the ends tied together at the right hip. The blanket was either an issued one or, often as not, privately purchased or sent from home or "found" in a civilian house.

But many infantrymen clung to their knapsack throughout the war, especially if it were waterproof and fitted square to the back by means of leather straps that passed over and under the shoulders. Some had wooden frames to keep them neat; others were little more than large cloth bags. British army issue knapsacks were manufactured by a London firm, S Isaac, Campbell & Co, and imported by the Confederacy.

The Confederate infantryman carried forty rounds of longarm ammunition in a cartridge box. Many of those who received Enfield rifled muskets received copies of British army cartridge boxes. The rest received cartridge boxes that were copies of the Union army black box, which had straps on the back so that it could be carried either on a strap from the left shoulder to the right hip or on a waist belt at the centre of the back. The Union army model held forty of the paper-wrapped cartridges in two 20-round tin containers. The box had a small picket beneath the flap, which held musket tools and cleaning equipment. The outside of the flap was decorated with a brass oval plate bearing the letters "US". Many of those boxes were used by Confederate soldiers, who found 8,000 of them on the Chancellorsville battlefield.

Southern-made copies of this box usually simplified the design, the tin containers often being made in one piece; some boxes had a waist belt strap only, some only a shoulder strap. Some eliminated the tool pouch. Finials were often of lead or wood instead of brass. Southern-made cartridge-box flaps rarely had a brass badge, although some made in Richmond did have this bit of luxury; H M Richmond and Sons, for example, stamped the letters "CS" in an oval on the flap of their boxes.

Finally, because of the shortage of leather, the sling and even the outer flap of some boxes were of painted cloth. Plain cotton webbing box slings, and even rifle slings, were made. The cartridge box was carried either on the waistbelt or on the crossbelt tucked under the waistbelt. The waistbelt was supposed to be of black leather, although undied leather and even cotton webbing waistbelts are known to have been issued. Officially the Union army practice of having a brass beltplate was to be followed, and indeed, an oval beltplate, the brass more red than yellow owing to a high percentage of copper, bearing the seals of Georgia or Texas or the letters "NC" or "SC", were also worn if obtainable.

But photographs of Confederate soldiers in the field indicate that most of Lee's infantrymen wore a plain frame buckle of one sort or the other. The majority had a brass frame and were of the styles known as "wishbone", from the split-tongue design, and "Georgia", from its source. Iron buckles, often with roller buckles, were also common. The infantryman had two more accoutrements on his waistbelt; a thin iron pick used to clear a fouled musket nipple, and his cap box. The latter was a small leather pouch holding his copper percussion caps, and was worn on the front right hip, next to the belt buckle. The Union model was black leather with a sheepskin wrapper inside to prevent the caps from falling out when the flap was opened; a double flap gave extra security. Many of these Union cap boxes saw Confederate use 4,000 of them being found on the Chancellorsville battlefield alone.

Southern-made cap boxes tended to be of simpler construction, with only one strap instead of two at the rear, and lead or wood finials instead of brass. British made cap boxes were supplied; being copies of Confederate box and of the British army white buff box which was secured to the cartridge-box sling instead of the waistbelt. At times however, Confederate infantrymen wore this box on the waistbelt. Possibly because they lacked a cartridge-box sling, or possibly because the practice was alien to them.

Southern-made bayonet scabbards, worn on the left hip, beneath the haversack, were plainer than those of the North. The scabbards produced from the iron spike bayonets to be used with the Richmond copies of the M1855 rifled musket were black, the frog sewn rather than riveted. The tip was a small white metal finial instead of a large brass finial of the US army scabbard. British Enfields came complete with scabbard, these being copies of standard British army issue.

Extract from The Army of Robert E Lee, by Philip Katcher
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The above article first appeared in the ACWS Newsletter, April, 1999

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William Y W Ripley



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MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Jeu 28 Avr - 22:03

voilà ce que j'avais trouvé pour l'équipement à présenter lors des inspections



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William Y W Ripley



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MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Sam 30 Avr - 9:50

voici en image ce que l'on trouvait généralement dans un "haversack" ...

US:


CS:


et maintenant dans le "knapsack"...

US:


CS:
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MessageSujet: Re: RECAP SUR CE QU'EMPORTAIT LE SOLDAT   Aujourd'hui à 12:30

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