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 ORGANAISATION MILITAIRE

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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: ORGANAISATION MILITAIRE   Lun 27 Déc - 22:39

Organization and Rank


Organization

Rank

Organization

A Civil War army consisted of many small parts that were joined together in stair-step fashion to make larger units. There were six basic units of organization. The smallest was a company, which had around 100 men. The largest was an army, which could have many thousands of men.

Company

A company was the basic unit in a Civil War army.

A company had approximately 100 men and was commanded by a captain.

Companies were named with the letters A–K
(J was not used because it looked too much like I.)


Regiment

A regiment usually contained ten companies.

A regiment had approximately 1,000 men and was commanded by a colonel.

If the unit had only four to eight companies, it was called a battalion rather than a regiment.


Brigade

A brigade contained an average of four regiments.

A brigade had approximately 4,000 men and was commanded by a brigadier general.

Union brigades were named with numbers, but Confederate brigades were often named after their current or former commanding officers.


Division

A division contained three to five brigades.

A division had approximately 12,000 men and was commanded by a major general.

Confederate divisions tended to contain more brigades than their Union counterparts. Confederate divisions often had twice as many men as Union divisions had.


Corps

A corps contained an average of three divisions.

A corps had approximately 36,000 men and was commanded by a major general (Union) or a lieutenant general (Confederate).


Army

An army comprised from one to eight corps.

An army was commanded by a general.

The Union often named its armies after rivers or waterways, i.e., Army of the Potomac. The Confederacy named its armies after states or regions, i.e., Army of Northern Virginia.

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