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 TIGER! ZOUAVE!!

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Nombre de messages : 3908
Age : 58
Localisation : LYON
Points : 3103
Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:22

TIGER!  ZOUAVE!!

Portraying the 1st Fire Zouaves (11th New York Volunteers).
Information compiled by Marc A. Hermann and Shaun C. Grenan
2005-2013

***A CONSTANT WORK IN PROGRESS** Last updated May 9, 2013.

"'Tis thus the New-York Firemen,
When in their Country's cause,
Unite in common Brotherhood
For to sustain her laws.
And crush the Serpent-Treason
By killing every knave
Who would insult the Stars and Stripes,
Wherever they may wave."
 
 
 
 
Despite being one of the most celebrated and famous fighting units of its time, relatively little is remembered today about the Eleventh New York Volunteer Infantry, or "First Fire Zouaves." A standard regimental history for the quick facts of the unit's service does not exist, and as such this unit is an absolute dream for the sleuthing researcher.  The living historian, of course, demands even more than just a "who, where, when, and why" about a regiment, because there is the added level of wanting/needing to know as much as possible about the material facts: what kind of uniform? Accoutrements? Weapons? How widespread were certain items, how rare were others? These questions and many others are what we will attempt to answer, for the benefit of those wishing to portray this unique fighting unit in coming re-enactment seasons.
 
 
ORIGINS
 
 
When the Civil War broke out in April, 1861, Elmer E. Ellsworth was already known in military circles nationwide. His Chicago Zouave Cadets were at the top of their class in martial and sartorial showmanship, so much so that they felt confident enough to take their act of precision drill on the road and challenge militia groups to competitions. Catching the attention of President Lincoln, Ellsworth was promised a commission as a Lieutenant. The onset of the war, however, brought an end to the pageantry, and Ellsworth resigned his commission and headed for New York, intent on recruiting his own regiment. Finding volunteers in the nation's largest city would not be difficult, but Ellsworth had specific recruits in mind. "I want the New York Firemen," Ellsworth said, "for there are no more effective men in the country, and none with whom I can do so much. They are sleeping on a volcano at Washington and I want men who can go into a fight now."
 
New York's fire department in 1861 was a volunteer organization, staffed by men from all walks of life who responded when their district's fire tower sounded an alarm, and "ran with the machine" to where the danger was. The physical exertion required to run a huge fire engine through the streets and then pump water, climb ladders, or pull hoses meant that the volunteers were in top shape, a trait that an ideal zouave would possess. These men had earned a mixed reputation in the preceding years, being known for their affinity with fighting among each other as much as fighting fires. These rowdies were also of varying political viewpoints, and like many New Yorkers, may have felt sympathetic towards the South. The attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, however, caused New York to fall in firmly on the side of the Union.
 
Two days after arriving in New York, and assigning officer commissions to fire company foremen and former Chicago Zouaves, Ellsworth began recruiting in earnest. Within a day, 1100 men had been put on the muster rolls. Contracts were very quickly filled for uniforms, which were immediately issued to the men upon their delivery. These were loosely based on Ellsworth's own design for an ideal fatigue uniform
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Nombre de messages : 3908
Age : 58
Localisation : LYON
Points : 3103
Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:27

 
 
 
 
After being outfitted and introduced to the Zouave drill, and many of the men having their heads shaved, the regiment was ready to move to the seat of the war -- not before, however, several stands of colors were issued to them. Throngs of people filled the intersection of Broadway and Canal Street, where the regiment was quartered, on the morning of April 29th, when a large Adams Express wagon appeared on the block, followed over an hour later by carriages of VIP's, including Mrs. John Jacob Astor. Mrs. Astor, actress Laura Keene, and other patriotic ladies, through General John Dix, presented the regiment with a silk national flag and a crimson regimental flag, upon which was embroidered in white letters "U.S. National Guards - First Regiment Zouaves, New York," mounted upon a black oak staff topped with a silver spear head. An accompanying letter from Mrs. Astor read, in part, "In delivering the ensign of our nation into the charge of the brave men under your command, I am happy in the confidence that I entrust it to men whose heads are moved by a generous patriotism to defend it, and whose hearts feel now more deeply than they have ever done that the honor of their country's flag is sacred and precious to them as their own. Accustomed as we are to think of them in the discharge of their ordinary duties with grateful sympathy and a well-founded pride, these feelings grow stronger the solemn moment when they are going from us to engage in a new and still more perillous service. I pray, sir, that Heaven's gracious protection may be over you and over these, to preserve and bring you back in safety to those whose hearts will follow you each day with prayer, and with a hopeful expectation of being gladdened through your success."
 
Also on hand was William Wickham, President of the New York Fire Department (and future Mayor of New York). Wickham presented the regiment with a splendid white silk flag, manufactured by the firm of Barney and Styles, on behalf of the Fire Department.  In doing so, he addressed the Zouaves by saying "Take them, place them in the midst of your gallant band, and wherever the fight is the thickest, and the bullets fly the fastest, let these banners be borne, and may you and your comrades, in the hour of trial and battle, remember the proud motto emblasoned upon them: 'The Star Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave!'"
 
The flags were saulted with the unique cheer of the Chicago Zouaves, now having been adopted by the 11th New York: "One! Two! Three! Four! Five! Six! Seven! Tiger!! Zouave!!!"
 
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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:30

W.H. Wickham, on behalf of the New York City Fire Department, presented this unique, two-sided, white silk regimental color with red, white, and blue fringe to Colonel Elmer Ellsworth’s 11th Regiment NY Volunteer Infantry on April 29, 1861, as the regiment departed from New York City. The flag, painted by the New York City firm of George Barney and John Styles, includes images of traditional firefighting equipment, regimental identification, and the slogan, “The Star Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave.” (1997.0030)
 

 
( SITE DE REFERENCE : http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/btlflags/infantry/11thInfReg.htm )
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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:32

Boarding the steamer Baltic at the foot of Canal Street, the regiment was finally on its way to Washington. Guards were posted aboard the vessel, and the mischievous men set to work coming up with amusing ways to evade them. Elaborate systems of watchwords and countersigns were instituted, and though there were not enough staterooms to accomodate all the men, many made themselves comfortable on the deck. The regiment drilled with arms for the first time on the quarterdeck of the Baltic the following morning, and a few days later finally disembarked at Annapolis. The Board of the New York Fire Department unanimously resolved that all of its men who had volunteered for military service would be retained on the department's rolls, and their positions therein held until their honorable return. The net result of this, however, was that many unsavory characters who had previously been suspended from the Fire Department were reluctantly placed back on the fire company rolls to fill the vacancies.
 


While many fire companies were represented throughout the ranks of the regiment, members of some companies found themselves grouped together, based mostly on the firefighting affiliation of their Captains:
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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:34

Pour la liste des compagnies je vous renvoi au site :

http://www.myrtle-avenue.com/firezou/
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Nombre de messages : 3908
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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:43

Soon after arriving in Washington, the sound of a ringing bell prompted one member of Company A to allude to the fire bell alert towers of back home: "What district is that?" "The District of Columbia, Republic of New York! It's ringing a general alarm, and here we are!" another replied.
 
The regiment soon found itself quartered in the Capitol building, where they enjoyed themselves by swinging from ropes in the unfinished rotunda, and holding mock Senate sessions. Their antics were not confined to the halls of Congress, however, as many complaints were lodged against them by local citizens.
 
 
 
 
 
Their reputation was redeemed in the eyes of Washington's elite one night when a fire broke out near the famous Willard's Hotel. Men of the regiment rushed to the nearest firehouse, but upon finding it locked, broke open the doors, and pulled the engine to the scene of the conflagration. Colonel Ellsworth, though himself not a fireman, assumed command of the operation, shouting orders through a speaking trumpet, assisted by company officers. Although several buildings sustained severe damage, Willard's Hotel was saved -- much to the delight of the hotel's owners, but also to the dismay of Washington's firefighters. Feeling shown up, the Washington chief arrived on the scene and demanded Ellsworth turn over the speaking trumpet and, in turn, the operation to him and his men. Ellsworth refused, unless the Washingtonians could prove they had greater numbers of their men at the scene.
 
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Date d'inscription : 29/06/2006

MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Mer 23 Oct - 9:44

A suivre ................
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MessageSujet: Re: TIGER! ZOUAVE!!   Aujourd'hui à 9:55

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