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 histoire du 9e va

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MessageSujet: histoire du 9e va   Jeu 8 Nov - 10:29

A Brief History




1862


In June 1861 Co. D was at Mathia Point Va. In mid-August the company was on the Northern Neck and again in January 1862. Between those times Company D spent time in camp at Brooke Station.



Things changed when J. E. Johnston pulled his Army out of Manassas in March when McClellans forces were transported to Virginia for the Peninsula Campaign. When the Union pushed into central Virginia mid- April, the 9th was in two halves on two roads north of Falmouth. Lee fell back behind Potomac Run on April 3rd and on the 13th around Berea Baptist Church. On the 17th the enemy advanced, Lee used four companies to resist throughout the day, while wagons and the camps fell back into Fredericksburg. The next night Lee ambushed an enemy column in the road above Falmouth.



Through May the 9th Va. Cav. was posted on the road leading out of Fredericksburg. On the 26th they reached Ashland and on the 30th camped near Richmond. The battle of Seven Pines was on, but they did not participate in the fighting. When J.E.B. Stuart made his ride around McClellans army in June seven companies of the 9th led the way. On the 25th , the 9th joined in with the Seven Days offensive. Joining divisions of Stonewall Jackson the 9th was among the cavalry units which marched as a screening force at early dawn. On the 27th the regiment was near the fighting and was posted on the far left, supporting horse artillery and Carrington's Battery. On June 28-29 the 9th was ordered to take the York River Railroad. On the 30th the regiment marched to Forge Bridge and there supported Pelhams's horse artillery. July 1st the 9th received orders to march quickly to Gaines Mill to witness the surrender of McClellan's Army. Disappointed they rode back to Malvern Hill in the evening and slept on the side of the road in the rain. The next day Stuart ordered the 9th toward Charles City Court House to extend his left and keep a lookout. There is no official return of casualties for the 9th during Seven Days action. The camp moved near to Alee's Station. Temporary assignment made to Jackson caused excitement. A Lancaster County cavalryman wrote, "I expect we will have a lively time, for he does not let the grass grow under his feet".



The cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia was organized into two brigades under a special order dated July 28, 1862. The 9th was put into Fitzhugh Lee's brigade, together with the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th Virginia Cavalry regiments. Fitz Lee was the cousin of Colonel W. H. F. Lee.



Action started shifting toward the Rapidan country when Union General John Pope launched an offensive. Aug. 22nd Stuart sent the 9th to Pope's headquarters on a raid and proudly returned with Pope's wardrobe, one hundred prisoners and $8000 in a paymaster's chest. The 9th reached Manassas Junction on August 27th and joined Jackson's men again. During the main two days of the battle the 9th was in sight of the battle , but did not receive any orders to engage. No losses were recorded for the 9th during the battle of Second Manassas.



On Sept. 14th the regiment marched towards Boonsboro and beyond. The fighting that developed cost the 9th and marked the 15th of September as one of the hardest days of the war for the regiment, 18 killed and 10 captured. The remainder camped at Sharpsburg that night. The 9th spent the day after the battle on the far left of the southern lines, on the 19th they fell back with the rest of the army across the Potomac into Virginia. The 9th supported A. P. Hill in the repulse of a Union pursuit on the 20th and 21st.



October included picket details and some minor skirmishes. During this period Col. Lee was promoted and R. L. T. Beale took command of the regiment. November and December saw more skirmishes and several raids with the regiment assuming picket duty from Port Royal up to the Towne of Moss Neck.



1863


The 9th spent the winter at Occupacia in Essex Co. picketing the Rappahannock River. After winter quarters in April the 9th went to Orange C. H. and then to Botts Farm near Brandy Station. The regimental count was 750 men at this time. On April 14th companies of the regiment were stationed at Kelly's Ford, Beverly Ford and at Rappahannock Bridge. Company G repulsed an attempt by the Union to cross at Kelly's Ford. Companies at the Bridge had problems re-establishing the picket line that had been driven back earlier. Company C was flanked out of their position at Beverly Ford. In the evening the 9th joined forces with the 13th and drove the enemy back across the river.



During the battle of Chancellorsville the 9th was one of two regiments that had been dispatched to contain Union Cavalry sent on raids towards Richmond. On April 30th, the 9th and the 13th regiments were at Gordonsville to protect the rail junction and oppose Union General Stoneman. On May 2nd , the 9th was sent to Louisa C. H. and made contact with the enemy forces. The 9th took 32 prisoners and lost four men to wounds. Word was received that Stoneman was heading toward Columbia, Lee moved the two regiments into Goochland Co. On May 4th , the 9th Cav. came upon the 5th US Cav. on a road and charged. An intense hand to hand struggle occurred until the 5th broke into a rout. Six members of the 9th were killed, several were wounded but had captured 33 prisoners. Due the complete exhaustion of the horses they did not pursue, having covered 80 miles in 24 hrs. They returned back to Gordonsville. Exhaustion and exposure were taking their toll on the 9th due to inadequate supplies, but in late May, the 9th was the largest regiment in the Army at a strength of 37 officers and 984 men.





On the eve of the greatest cavalry battle, the 9th was camped in the area of Welford Ford which became the extreme left of the Confederate line. On the morning of June 9th, contact was made south of Dr. Welford's home where they repulsed enemy probes and forced them back and threatened the Union right. Withdrawal of cavalry on the east caused W. H. F. Lee to fall back to Fleetwood Hill, causing the Confederate left to draw back towards its center. Soon they were drawn into a heavy mounted fighting with attacks and counterattacks. The 9th had much success in a charge against the 6th Pennsylvania Cav. which pushed them some distance resulting in the releasing of numerous Confederate prisoners that had been taken earlier. Casualties suffered by the 9th were 15 dead and 21 wounded.


In mid-June the 9th went north near Middleburg and engaged in a number of small battles and skirmishes. Toward the later part of June, the 9th Va. Cavalry was with Stuart during his push into Pennsylvania. This campaign pushed men and horses to their limited. On July 2nd , the 9th came upon their lines around Gettysburg and on the 3rd was in the heart of the battle east of towne. As a result of the June fighting, the push into Pennsylvania and the fighting at Gettysburg, the 9th Virginia Cavalry had been reduced to just 80 men to fill the ranks. Casualties and broken down horses accounted for the dramatic deterioration. July 4th the regiment passed by its lines at dark and got a little rest behind what was left of Pickett's Division. The 9th suffered more casualties in the following days covering General Lee's retreat back to Virginia. Through the 16th of July, the 9th still did not rest, heavy skirmishing took place while the Army moved south until they came to rest at Brandy Station.


August was an inactive month other than roll calls and drills. Company D had 33 men present and what few horse they had were near starvation. Inactivity continued into September until the 13th when they were ordered into Culpeper C. H. and were hit by some dismounted Union cavalry. This was followed by other smaller battles that took place in and around central and northern Virginia from Brandy Station to Manassas until December when they were ordered to Albemarle Co. for winter quarters. It was during this time a distinctive badge was introduced designated for each regiment. The troopers were to display the star in a prominent place.


1864



On Jan. 18th General Stuart ordered the 9th to Essex and Middlesex Counties to get provisions. Companies C, D, I and K were sent into the Northern Neck. Dahlgren and Kilpatrick raids were taking place at this time and regiments were being moved around in hopes of catching or killing the raiders. Company H had a leading role in this along with other members of the 9th which resulted in the killing of Col. Dahlgren and the capture of his men. The pursuit of Kilpatrick however was not successful.


When things quieted down it remained that way through most of April. 600 men were present for duty and horses were reported to be in good order. The regiment was sent to Madison County and from there went south and then eastward to the Confederates far right flank and on May 14th went into action near the Ny River northeast of Spotsylvania C. H. As the Armies moved south, the 9th was spread out across Spotsylvania and Caroline counties leading or screening the infantry and serving as guides. Many small battles and skirmishes took place during Grant's push south.


Most of July and a part of August was spent in Dinwiddie county . August 14th , the 9th was sent back across the James River and camped near White's Tavern on the Charles City Road and got involved in a hotly contested fight with the Federals in which brigade commander Chambliss was killed. August 20th , the 9th crossed the James River again and moved south of Petersburg. The remainder of the year was spent south of the James screening forces and fighting small skirmishes and battles.


1865



The last winter of the war was in comfortable quarters for the 9th and was located near Belfield Station. January's report showed 659 men and 690 horses, supplies badly lacking. During the retreat toward Appomattox, the cavalry fought in several directions. On the last morning, a small remnant of the 9th Cav. was on the flank supporting the 14th Va. Cavalry as the regiment made the charge which is one of several claims as being the Army of Northern Virginia's last. Many of the men slipped away when word came of the surrender, only 24 names appeared on the parole list. Of the men that rode with the 9th Virginia Cavalry, over 37% fell as casualties to enemy action.
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